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Step By Step Installation of SQL Server 2019 with all features

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Today, I will take you to step by step installation of SQL Server 2019 with all features.

You can go through my previous post for downloading Download SQL Server Developer / Evaluation / Express Editions, YouTube Link.

Step 1: Locate Setup.exe and run it as Administrator.

Step 2: Setup will open SQL Server 2019 installation Center

Step 3: Go to Installation option and click “New SQL Server stand-alone installation or add features to an existing installation”

Step 4: Select free edition you like to install. The single setup gives you the option of Evaluation \ Developer \ Express edition to install. As discussed in my previous blog Understand SQL Server Editions and Components (YouTube), SQL Server Developer / Evaluation / Express is free to use editions with fewer limitations and restrictions.

Step 5: Accept EULA (End User License Agreement)

Step 6: Setup will perform some rule check before proceeding. In case of any issues, It will stop and ask you to rectify it.

Step 7: Microsoft gives you the option of automatic update of SQL Server with the latest security and other important updates along with windows. I suggest skipping it because it’s not recommended for Production systems and requires the internet which is very rare for servers due to security concerns.

Step 8: In case you accept for Microsoft Update in the previous step and system has internet connectivity, Setup will check available SQL Server upgrades. Setup will download those upgrades (SP, CU) and install them with SQL Setup installation. This will save you the time of separate installation. You try this on the local system and again as mentioned above, not recommended for production systems.

Step 9: Setup will install some installation files before to begin the actual installation

Step 10: Setup will run installation rules \ checks. In case of any issues, it will stop and ask you to rectify it.

Step 11: Feature Selection. In the current window, You can select the features you like to install. For the demo, We will install all versions. These windows will also show the space requirement for setup installation based on features selected. Also, you can change the installation and shared feature directory as per your requirements.

Step 12: Based on the selected features, Setup will run a rule checker.

Step 13: SQL instance name. SQL gives you the option of default or named SQL Server instance. Once the system can have only one default instance and multiple names instance. We will install the named instance today. This window will also review your system and display any previously installed SQL Server instances on your system.

Step 14: PolyBase Configuration, You can leave it as it is and move to next.

Step 15: Select features need JAVA, You can allow setup to install JAVA or mentioned Java path in the case already installed.

Step 16: Server Configuration – Service Account Window.

  1. You can change the service account of any services and start-up type
  2. As per your requirement, Select “Grant Perform Volume Maintenance Task to SQL Service Account”. In Case of service, the account is part of the local admin group this will by default assigned else recommended to provide it.

Step 17: Server Configuration – Collation Window. SQL Server selects collation based on default language and location of the system, you can change it as per your requirements. I suggest not to change it without testing and confirmation. This will decide how SQL Server will deal with tests. Case sensitive or case insensitive means upper caps & small caps will be treated equally or differently OR Data will be sorted in ascending order or descending order.

Step 18: Database Engine Configuration – Server Configuration.

  1. Select authentication mode for your SQL Server instance. SQL Server support 2 authentication modes Windows Authentication and Mixed Mode Authentication. Understand SQL Server Authentication Types and Modes on Decode ITeS.
  2. Enter the SA account password. Choose a strong password.
  3. Select windows account that you want to have sysadmin right

Step 19: Database Engine Configuration – Data Directories You Change system \ user \ backup directory as per disk configured on the server

Step 20: Database Engine Configuration – TempDB. TempDB is crucial for database performance. Microsoft adds the option to configure TempDB as per best practices or as per your requirements with the installation. This will ease up the DBA task after server installation.

Step 21: Database Engine Configuration – MaxDOP. I will suggest to leave it on default value and change it after proper DBA recommendation and application testing.

Step 22: Database Engine Configuration – Memory Configuration. Enter min and max server memory and accept ti use recommended values instead of default one. Same as above, Please configure it after DBA review and recommendation.

Step 23: Database Engine Configuration – Filestream. You can enable filestream in case required else leave it as it is.

Step 24: Analysis Services Configuration. Do not forget to add the user for admin privileges on SSAS.

Step 25: Integration Services – Master Mode, Leve on default no changes. Change only after proper testing and DBA review.

Step 26: Integration Services – Worker Mode, Leve on default no changes. Change only after proper testing and DBA review.

Step 27: Distributed Replay Controller – Add admin account

Step 28: Distributed Replay Controller – Mention Controller Name

Step 29: Accept R Services.

Step 30: Accept Python installation

Step 31: Rule checker based on feature configuration

Step 32: Setup is ready to install, You can review configuration in the current window. Click next to start the installation.

Step 33: Installation is completed.

Step 34: You can review setup installation logs and services installed.

SQL Server 2019 setup comes up with a long list of options. These are very helpful and tries to install setup with the most recommended and best practices configuration.

Reference: Rohit Garg (http://mssqlfun.com/)

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Error while loading Excel data into database

Issue: I am trying to load data from Excel 97 – 2003 sheet into a database table. I have written a simple SSIS package to do that, but unfortunately, it fails with error: –

 

Microsoft (R) SQL Server Execute Package Utility  Version 11.0.6020.0 for 64-bit  Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.    Started:  2:02:37 AM  Error: 2016-12-19 02:02:37.91     Code: 0xC0209303     Source: ExcelImpot Connection manager “SourceConnectionExcel”     Description: The requested OLE DB provider Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0 is not registered. If the 64-bit driver is not installed, run the package in 32-bit mode. Error code: 0x00000000.  An OLE DB record is available.  Source: “Microsoft OLE DB Service Components”  Hresult: 0x80040154  Description: “Class not registered”.  End Error  Error: 2016-12-19 02:02:37.91     Code: 0xC001002B     Source: MAPTImpot Connection manager “SourceConnectionExcel”     Description: The ‘Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0’ provider is not registered on the local machine. For more information, see http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=219816  End Error  Error: 2016-12-19 02:02:37.91     Code: 0xC020801C     Source: Data Flow Task 1 Source – Sheet1$ [38]     Description: SSIS Error Code DTS_E_CANNOTACQUIRECONNECTIONFROMCONNECTIONMANAGER.  The AcquireConnection method call to the connection manager “SourceConnectionExcel” failed with error code 0xC0209303.  There may be error messages posted before this with more information on why the AcquireConnection method call failed.  End Error  Error: 2016-12-19 02:02:37.91     Code: 0xC0047017     Source: Data Flow Task 1 SSIS.Pipeline     Description: Source – Sheet1$ failed validation and returned error code 0xC020801C.  End Error  Error: 2016-12-19 02:02:37.91     Code: 0xC004700C     Source: Data Flow Task 1 SSIS.Pipeline     Description: One or more component failed validation.  End Error  Error: 2016-12-19 02:02:37.91     Code: 0xC0024107     Source: Data Flow Task 1      Description: There were errors during task validation.  End Error  DTExec: The package execution returned DTSER_FAILURE (1).  Started:  2:02:37 AM  Finished: 2:02:37 AM  Elapsed:  0.733 seconds.  The package execution failed.  The step failed.

Cause: This error occurs when you try to execute 32-bit environment package in 64-bit system.

Solution 1: If you have project file of SSIS package or If you are running package other than SQL Agent jobs like calling from CMD.

Step 1: Navigate to Project-> [PROJECT_NAME] Properties.

Step 2: Navigate to “Debugging” option from left panel and from Right panel change Run64BitRuntime value to false.

Solution 2: If you need to execute package from SQL agent job only then you have readymade option available. Go to Job step and check below option.

 

Reference: Rohit Garg (http://mssqlfun.com/)

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Restrict user to login from single Host

Restricting user to login from single host may be sometimes required from security point and other business requirements. We can achieve it through SERVER LEVEL LOGON TRIGGER.

ALTER TRIGGER TR_CHECK_LOGIN_TEST_HOST
ON ALL SERVER
FOR LOGON
AS
BEGIN

DECLARE @HOSTNAME VARCHAR(48)
DECLARE @PROGNAME VARCHAR(100)

SELECT @HOSTNAME = HOST_NAME FROM SYS.DM_EXEC_SESSIONS
WHERE SESSION_ID = @@SPID

IF ORIGINAL_LOGIN() = ‘TEST’ AND @HOSTNAME =’HostName’
ROLLBACK;

END

Once you create above trigger, Login “TEST” will be able to connect from specified host only. Connection from any other host will be failed and face below error: –

You can also find related errors in SQL Server Error log as well.

Error: 17892, Severity: 20, State: 1.

Logon failed for login ‘TEST’ due to trigger execution. [CLIENT: <local machine>]

Error: 3609, Severity: 16, State: 2.

The transaction ended in the trigger. The batch has been aborted.

 

Reference: Rohit Garg (http://mssqlfun.com/)

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Error While running PowerShell code from SQL Agent job – “Path Does Not Exist”

Issue: When I am running code from PowerShell console its running fine but when I execute it through SQL agent job step, I am getting below error: –

The job script encountered the following errors. These errors did not stop the script:  A job step received an error at line 14 in a PowerShell script. The corresponding line is ‘$files = Get-ChildItem “\\$comp\D$\*.xls”‘. Correct the script and reschedule the job. The error information returned by PowerShell is: ‘An object at the specified path \\ServerName\D$ does not exist.  ‘  A job step received an error at line 43 in a PowerShell script. The corresponding line is ‘    $str = Get-Content $i.FullName | Where-Object { ($_ -match ‘Alive’) }’. Correct the script and reschedule the job. The error information returned by PowerShell is: ‘Cannot bind argument to parameter ‘Path’ because it is null.  ‘.  Process Exit Code -1.  The step failed.

Solution: SQL Server Agent allows users to directly run PowerShell scripts in SQL Server Agent. Internally this is implemented by reusing the SQLPS.EXE shell. When SQL Server Agent starts SQLPS.EXE, It cannot access file system.

To access file system, you need to change the scope from SQL to filesystem.

You can do it by adding “cd C:” before executing filesystem commands.

 

Reference: Rohit Garg (http://mssqlfun.com/)

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What’s new in SQL Server 2016 installation?

1) As MS is kept increasing number of option while installation. To reduce no. of click, if setup pass Rules it will automatically moves to Next window.

2) On Server Configuration page, MS specifically ask to GRANT PERFORM VOLUME MAINTENANCE TASK permission to service account. SQL Services needs this access to perform instant file initialization for data files instead of zero file initialization.  (For information read – https://msdn.microsoft.com/library/ms175935)

3) 2 New Tabs in Database Engine Configuration page. One is TempDB configuration & other is User Instance feature.

4) Separate Acceptance page for Microsoft R.

Step  by Step Installation :-

1. Setup Page, Choose First option

2. Setup checks for Global Rules and moves to next page, if all rules passed

3. Option to choose, if you want setup to download latest update and install

4. Initial Setup files installed

5. Check for installation rules and moves to next page, if all rules passed

6. Accept terms and condition, Click to Next

7. Select features you want to install

8. Check feature rule and moves to next page, if all rules passed

9. Select Instance name

10. Specify service accounts, you can also select collation from collation tab.

Here, MS specifically ask to GRANT PERFORM VOLUME MAINTENANCE TASK permission to service account. (For information read – https://msdn.microsoft.com/library/ms175935)

https://msdn.microsoft.com/library/ms175935

11. Select Authentication type

12. Select Data Directories

13. New Tab introduced to provide TempDB configuration at time of installation only

14. New Tab introduced for “User Instance” feature. Although, MS marked this feature to be removed. After this special tab, It seems MS changed his mind.

Refer – https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms143684

15. Option to enable FileStream

16. Option for SSRS installation and configuration

17. New Page added for Microsoft R acceptance

18. Installation on the way

19. Installation Completed Successfully

Reference: Rohit Garg (http://mssqlfun.com/)

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