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Introduction to Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)

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Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio IDE (Integrated Development Environment) is a powerful GUI tool with a long list of features and options. SSMS is very useful and user friendly for all users like DBA, Developers, Testers, or Students.

Top Action You can do using SSMS:-

  • Connect to Local \ Remote SQL Server Database Engine \ Analysis Services \ SSIS (Integration Services) \ SSRS (Reporting Services) Instance
  • Explore Connected Server Properties and Objects like Logins \ Linked Servers
  • Explore Database list, Database properties & objects
  • Open New Query \ Query Parsing \ Execution \ Results (Grid \ Text \ File) and view execution plans
  • Activity Monitor
  • Lunch other SQL Server tools like SQL Profiler \ DTA
  • Manage SQL Server Agent and Jobs
  • Connect \ Create \ Manage Registered Server
  1. Connect to Local \ Remote SQL Server Database Engine \ Analysis Services (SSAS) \ Integration Services (SSIS) \ Reporting Services (SSRS) Instances using SSMS
  • When you lunch SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS), “Connect to Server” window pop up for server and credentials details by default for Database engine Server Type. In case, if don’t or you had closed or you want to connect other server types, You can open it from Object Explorer > Connect > Select Desired Server Type “Database Engine” as below.

  • Enter Server Name: SSMS prompts you to enter the SQL instance name to connect. It can be a local or remote SQL instance. In a live environment, one SSMS can be used to monitor and manage remote SQL instance for the complete connecting environment.
  • Select authentication Type and Enter User Details: After mentioning the SQL instance name, you need to select the authentication type. Windows authentication or SQL authentication. In windows, your currently used windows AD access will be used to connect or in SQL authentication, you will provide SQL login details. Once you fill all details, It will connect you with the mentioned instance.

Sample Connection:-

  1. Explore Connected Server Properties and Objects like Logins \ Linked Servers
  • To explore Server properties, Right Click on Instance Name and Click Properties. It will open windows with the list of server-level configuration and properties. You can review and make the required changes. Some Major and mostly used configuration from server properties:-
General Tab for Server Edition\ Server Version \ OS Version \ RAM \ Processors details
Min \ Max Memory Configuration in Memory Tab
SQL Server Authentication Mode in Security Tab
Database files and Backup default location in the Database Settings tab
MaxDop (Max Degree of Parallelism) and CTP (Cost Threshold for Parallelism) in advance tab
  • Server Objects like Logins \ Triggers \ Linked servers be browed and reviewed.

  1. Explore Database list, Database properties & objects
  • To Explore a list of available databases and Database objects, You need to browse like below:-

  • To review and Configure Database properties, Right Click on Database Name & go to properties. Some of the major database properties are:-
General Tab for Database Owner, Creation Date, Total & Free Space, Last backup timestamp details
Files Tab for Files details and modifications
Options Tab for Checking and changing Collation, Recovery Model, Compatibility Level, etc.
  1. Open New Query \ Query Parsing \ Execution \ Results (Grid \ Text \ File) and view execution plans

  • Open New Query \ Query Parsing \ Execution \ Results (Grid \ Text \ File)
Results in Grid
Results in Text
Results in File (You will prompt to select a location to save the file with execution results)
  • Intellisense: SSMS IntelliSense is an interesting feature, this provides runtime suggestions for object names and reduce query-writing time. Intellisense populates all objects in the buffer and shows then as an option.

  • Estimated & Actual Execution plan of queries
  1. Lunch other SQL Server tools like SQL Profiler \ DTA

  1. Activity Monitor: Activity Monitor can be started by right click on instance name. It’s a GUI monitoring wizard for activities & sessions running on the server.

You can drill down multiple options on Activity Monitor Page for details of each segment.

List of features and option in SSSMS is countless, I suggest to download and install it to explore.

Reference: Rohit Garg (http://mssqlfun.com/)

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Error while loading Excel data into database

Issue: I am trying to load data from Excel 97 – 2003 sheet into a database table. I have written a simple SSIS package to do that, but unfortunately, it fails with error: –

 

Microsoft (R) SQL Server Execute Package Utility  Version 11.0.6020.0 for 64-bit  Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.    Started:  2:02:37 AM  Error: 2016-12-19 02:02:37.91     Code: 0xC0209303     Source: ExcelImpot Connection manager “SourceConnectionExcel”     Description: The requested OLE DB provider Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0 is not registered. If the 64-bit driver is not installed, run the package in 32-bit mode. Error code: 0x00000000.  An OLE DB record is available.  Source: “Microsoft OLE DB Service Components”  Hresult: 0x80040154  Description: “Class not registered”.  End Error  Error: 2016-12-19 02:02:37.91     Code: 0xC001002B     Source: MAPTImpot Connection manager “SourceConnectionExcel”     Description: The ‘Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0’ provider is not registered on the local machine. For more information, see http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=219816  End Error  Error: 2016-12-19 02:02:37.91     Code: 0xC020801C     Source: Data Flow Task 1 Source – Sheet1$ [38]     Description: SSIS Error Code DTS_E_CANNOTACQUIRECONNECTIONFROMCONNECTIONMANAGER.  The AcquireConnection method call to the connection manager “SourceConnectionExcel” failed with error code 0xC0209303.  There may be error messages posted before this with more information on why the AcquireConnection method call failed.  End Error  Error: 2016-12-19 02:02:37.91     Code: 0xC0047017     Source: Data Flow Task 1 SSIS.Pipeline     Description: Source – Sheet1$ failed validation and returned error code 0xC020801C.  End Error  Error: 2016-12-19 02:02:37.91     Code: 0xC004700C     Source: Data Flow Task 1 SSIS.Pipeline     Description: One or more component failed validation.  End Error  Error: 2016-12-19 02:02:37.91     Code: 0xC0024107     Source: Data Flow Task 1      Description: There were errors during task validation.  End Error  DTExec: The package execution returned DTSER_FAILURE (1).  Started:  2:02:37 AM  Finished: 2:02:37 AM  Elapsed:  0.733 seconds.  The package execution failed.  The step failed.

Cause: This error occurs when you try to execute 32-bit environment package in 64-bit system.

Solution 1: If you have project file of SSIS package or If you are running package other than SQL Agent jobs like calling from CMD.

Step 1: Navigate to Project-> [PROJECT_NAME] Properties.

Step 2: Navigate to “Debugging” option from left panel and from Right panel change Run64BitRuntime value to false.

Solution 2: If you need to execute package from SQL agent job only then you have readymade option available. Go to Job step and check below option.

 

Reference: Rohit Garg (http://mssqlfun.com/)

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Restrict user to login from single Host

Restricting user to login from single host may be sometimes required from security point and other business requirements. We can achieve it through SERVER LEVEL LOGON TRIGGER.

ALTER TRIGGER TR_CHECK_LOGIN_TEST_HOST
ON ALL SERVER
FOR LOGON
AS
BEGIN

DECLARE @HOSTNAME VARCHAR(48)
DECLARE @PROGNAME VARCHAR(100)

SELECT @HOSTNAME = HOST_NAME FROM SYS.DM_EXEC_SESSIONS
WHERE SESSION_ID = @@SPID

IF ORIGINAL_LOGIN() = ‘TEST’ AND @HOSTNAME =’HostName’
ROLLBACK;

END

Once you create above trigger, Login “TEST” will be able to connect from specified host only. Connection from any other host will be failed and face below error: –

You can also find related errors in SQL Server Error log as well.

Error: 17892, Severity: 20, State: 1.

Logon failed for login ‘TEST’ due to trigger execution. [CLIENT: <local machine>]

Error: 3609, Severity: 16, State: 2.

The transaction ended in the trigger. The batch has been aborted.

 

Reference: Rohit Garg (http://mssqlfun.com/)

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Error While running PowerShell code from SQL Agent job – “Path Does Not Exist”

Issue: When I am running code from PowerShell console its running fine but when I execute it through SQL agent job step, I am getting below error: –

The job script encountered the following errors. These errors did not stop the script:  A job step received an error at line 14 in a PowerShell script. The corresponding line is ‘$files = Get-ChildItem “\\$comp\D$\*.xls”‘. Correct the script and reschedule the job. The error information returned by PowerShell is: ‘An object at the specified path \\ServerName\D$ does not exist.  ‘  A job step received an error at line 43 in a PowerShell script. The corresponding line is ‘    $str = Get-Content $i.FullName | Where-Object { ($_ -match ‘Alive’) }’. Correct the script and reschedule the job. The error information returned by PowerShell is: ‘Cannot bind argument to parameter ‘Path’ because it is null.  ‘.  Process Exit Code -1.  The step failed.

Solution: SQL Server Agent allows users to directly run PowerShell scripts in SQL Server Agent. Internally this is implemented by reusing the SQLPS.EXE shell. When SQL Server Agent starts SQLPS.EXE, It cannot access file system.

To access file system, you need to change the scope from SQL to filesystem.

You can do it by adding “cd C:” before executing filesystem commands.

 

Reference: Rohit Garg (http://mssqlfun.com/)

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What’s new in SQL Server 2016 installation?

1) As MS is kept increasing number of option while installation. To reduce no. of click, if setup pass Rules it will automatically moves to Next window.

2) On Server Configuration page, MS specifically ask to GRANT PERFORM VOLUME MAINTENANCE TASK permission to service account. SQL Services needs this access to perform instant file initialization for data files instead of zero file initialization.  (For information read – https://msdn.microsoft.com/library/ms175935)

3) 2 New Tabs in Database Engine Configuration page. One is TempDB configuration & other is User Instance feature.

4) Separate Acceptance page for Microsoft R.

Step  by Step Installation :-

1. Setup Page, Choose First option

2. Setup checks for Global Rules and moves to next page, if all rules passed

3. Option to choose, if you want setup to download latest update and install

4. Initial Setup files installed

5. Check for installation rules and moves to next page, if all rules passed

6. Accept terms and condition, Click to Next

7. Select features you want to install

8. Check feature rule and moves to next page, if all rules passed

9. Select Instance name

10. Specify service accounts, you can also select collation from collation tab.

Here, MS specifically ask to GRANT PERFORM VOLUME MAINTENANCE TASK permission to service account. (For information read – https://msdn.microsoft.com/library/ms175935)

https://msdn.microsoft.com/library/ms175935

11. Select Authentication type

12. Select Data Directories

13. New Tab introduced to provide TempDB configuration at time of installation only

14. New Tab introduced for “User Instance” feature. Although, MS marked this feature to be removed. After this special tab, It seems MS changed his mind.

Refer – https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms143684

15. Option to enable FileStream

16. Option for SSRS installation and configuration

17. New Page added for Microsoft R acceptance

18. Installation on the way

19. Installation Completed Successfully

Reference: Rohit Garg (http://mssqlfun.com/)

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